[3][7] Their light anti-aircraft armament consisted of a pair of quadruple mounts for the two-pounder (40 mm) AA gun[8] ("pom-pom") and two quadruple mounts for 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) Vickers AA machine guns. With Admiral Algernon Willis embarked, Liverpool steamed to Corfu in response,[63] and briefly received the wounded captain of Saumarez at Corfu Bay. On 14 June 1942, during Operation Harpoon, Liverpool suffered an air attack and had to undergo repairs and refitting at Rosyth, Scotland for the remainder of the war. The Town-class light cruisers were designed as counters to the Japanese Mogami-class cruisers built during the early 1930s and the second batch of three ships was enlarged, with the most powerful engines and widest beam of any post 1927 Royal Navy cruisers, to maintain speed and stability with the weight of, a second low angle main director (2) T284 LADCT, to give two channel fire control of the six inch turrets enabling, simultaneous engagement with surface targets fore and aft of the cruisers and to give a second level of deck armour over the top of the armour box around the four main magazines [2] (In HMS Gloucester and the third 'Belfast' group, the extra deck armour belt also extended further over the engines). [58] The torpedo that impacted Liverpool's starboard side hit the engine room, partially flooding the cruiser and disabling her machinery and steering gear. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 07:12. HMS Belfast and HMS Liverpool as the two largest Town-class cruisers were considered priorities for modernisation in the early 1950s [73] and with the Minotaur-class cruisers, HMS Superb and HMS Swiftsure, were the only wartime legacy cruisers for which a full ships cover was drawn, for modernisation with postwar weapons systems. [3][6] The turrets were designated 'A', 'B', 'X' and 'Y' from front to rear. HMS Coventry by Ivan Berryman. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. [27], The Mediterranean Fleet followed MA.3 with Operation MA.5 in early July. Given a 21-gun salute by the cruiser, Farouk met Vice-Admiral Louis Mountbatten and the ambassador to Egypt and later expressed his "pleasure at the visit and at renewing my acquaintance with the Royal Navy. The British had to evacuate and sink her the following day when the fire became uncontrollable. "Biographical Sketches: No. In 1942 she was again. She also covered the evacuation of Crete and the Syrian campaign. "[66] In September 1951, Liverpool, as flagship of Admiral John Edelsten, became the first British warship to visit Yugoslavia post-war and was inspected by the country's leader Marshal Tito in the city of Split. Smith, Peter Charles; Dominy, John (1981). [51] The cruiser escort switched to the returning convoy QP 12 on 26 May. Later in the day, 12 of the cruiser's sailors (including one unidentifiable at the time) were buried at sea. Rohwer, Jürgen; Hümmelchen, Gerhard (1992). [3] The ships carried two above-water, triple mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes. [clarification needed][38] The cruisers—briefly protected by a force consisting of the battleships Valiant and Warspite, aircraft carrier Illustrious with her aircraft, cruisers Orion, York and the Australian HMAS Sydney, and 11 destroyers—came under repeated aerial attack. The cruisers attacked five vessels, including the obsolete armoured cruiser San Giorgio, and sank the minesweeper Giovanni Berta. [54] The group that included Liverpool positioned itself west of Bear Island, in the Barents Sea, to rendezvous with the cruiser. "Marine News". Coventry was built by Swan Hunter; she was laid down on 4 August 1916, launched on 6 July 1917, and completed in February 1918. "Mediterranean C.-in-C. To Visit Yugoslavia". While assigned as flagship to the China Station in January 1940, the cruiser instigated a diplomatic incident with Japan when she intercepted the liner Asama Maru off the coast of Japan. The Liverpool Woman's Service Bureau presented the cruiser with a Union flag and White Ensign, while the city's Corporation gave the crew "three pairs of candlesticks, a silver cup, and two bugles". Read. [45] Her captain transferred in late October to the battleship Ramillies;[42] his successor being Commander Welby. [24] When ordered to the Mediterranean in June, Liverpool relinquished her status as flagship with the transfer of Admiral Murray to the New Zealand cruiser HMNZS Leander at Port Sudan. The latter convoy came under substantial attack by Italian aircraft on the 29th; Liverpool was the only vessel hit when an unexploded bomb penetrated two decks,[34] killing a rating. [75] Liverpool was sold in 1958 for breaking up at Bo'Ness, Scotland;[76] more than 12 months elapsed before the vessel had been completely dismantled. Arms & Armour. During the course of the deployment, Admiral Cunningham received reports of a large formation of Italian warships and changed course towards Taranto to intercept. [44] While being towed on 15 October, Liverpool's bow separated from the hull. British Cruisers. [49] Liverpool arrived in the Arctic as a replacement for the damaged cruiser Trinidad. The ship's complement was 800–850 officers and ratings. HMS … [18] The Japanese and British governments sought to defuse the dispute through negotiation, and on 5 February, the two countries accepted a proposal which entailed the release of nine Germans in exchange for Japan pledging to deny military-age German citizens access to their vessels. [5], Liverpool returned to service in October 1945 to join the 15th Cruiser Squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet, in which she served mostly as a flagship. www.regiamarina.net - la Regia Marina nella seconda guerra mondiale. This list of former RAF Stations is a list of all stations, airfields, and administrative headquarters previously used by the Royal Air Force. The ship had sailed in aid of the destroyer HMS "Zulu", that had taken part in a largely unsuccesful combined land and sea attack, over the port of Tobruk. The ship had sailed in aid of the destroyer HMS "Zulu", that had taken part in a largely unsuccesful combined land and sea attack, over the port of Tobruk. Wine production: Avian relates to which kind of creatures? This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 22:33. Argentine naval supply ship. 25th - Arrived on scene after sinking of HMS AUCKLAND and assisted HM Australian Sloop PARRAMATTA in rescue operations. By the close of the action, Liverpool's crew had almost expended the contents of her shellrooms, reporting that each gun had 40 shells remaining. Ascot: At which game has Omar Sharif represented his country? HMS Coventry by Ivan Berryman.HMS Coventry comes under air attack from aircraft off Tobruk, 14th September 1942 (where her luck finally ran out). 175, 418, Gardiner; Chesneau; Budzbon (1980), pp. World Ship Society: p. 288, Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) Vickers AA machine guns, British 4"/45 (10.2 cm) QF HA Marks XVI, XVII, XVIII and XXI, "The Journal of Midshipman W. P. Hayes, RCN", Service History of Royal Navy Warships in World War 2: HMS Liverpool – Town-type Light Cruiser, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in October 1941, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in June 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Liverpool_(C11)&oldid=998837218, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. HMS Coventry (Ceres class cruiser) 20.04.1940-29.10.1942: HMS Worcester (modified W class destroyer) (despatches) 20.04.1943-30.04.1944: HMS Tradewind (T class submarine) 10.08.1944-03.10.1945: HMS Turpin (T class submarine) D ell, James Peter Thompson (06? Ammunition had been rapidly depleted by the cruiser squadron. On 14 May, Trinidad came under repeated attack and was set ablaze by bombs. [27][29] Nevertheless, the use of such a large volume of shells caused the cancellation of MA.3, which had encompassed two convoys from the besieged island of Malta. Laid down by Cammell Laird and Company, Limited, at Birkenhead on 29 January 1973, she was launched on 21 June 1974 and accepted into service on 20 October 1978 at a cost of £37,900,000. Sunk after shellfire from, Type 42 destroyer. [51] Four vessels were sunk (two of which sank on 11 April)[52] and one was damaged;[51] QP 10 arrived at Reykjavík on the 21st. [43], As part of the ship's interim repairs, Liverpool had a provisional false bow constructed and fitted. [13] Before the deployment, the cruiser visited her namesake port in January 1939. The armour protecting the main gun turrets had a thickness of 2–4 inches. In the early 1950s, the cruiser harboured in Port Said to support the British Administration of the Suez Canal Zone, when Egyptian guerrillas campaigned against it. [48] The refit upgraded Liverpool's radar equipment,[3] removed "X" turret and the aircraft catapult, and enlarged the cruiser's defensive armament (which included an increase to 28 pom-poms, in six quadruple and four single mounts, seven Bofors 40 mm guns in single mounts, and the addition of five 20 mm Oerlikon cannons). Liverpool sighted them 60 miles (97 km) south-west of Cape Matapan at 18:30 and opened fire three minutes later. [16], Liverpool discharged a warning shot across Asama Maru's bows to compel the liner to halt, afterwards deploying 12 men to conduct the search. The ship had an overall length of 591 feet (180.1 m), a beam of 64 feet 10 inches (19.8 m)[4] and a draught of 20 feet 7 inches (6.3 m). After temporary repairs in Russia, Trinidad got underway on 13 May. [39], The fleet again put to sea on 8 October with the intention of supporting Malta convoy MF.3 and the Alexandria-bound convoy MF.4, while seeking to engineer an encounter with the main assets of the Italian Navy. substancial - Free ebook download as Text File (.txt), PDF File (.pdf) or read book online for free. [43] Liverpool's losses in the attack had amounted to 3 officers and 27 crewmen killed and 35 crewmen wounded. employed on convoy duty, escorting supply runs to Malta, but later in September whilst covering the Tobruk raid, Coventry was attacked by aircraft and badly damaged. [16] Alerted to reports that German sailors in the United States had arranged transport to Germany, the British Government authorised the station's commander-in-chief to direct a warship to board Asama Maru and detain suspected passengers, provided the procedure did not occur within sight of the coast of Japan. HMS Curlew was sunk in Norway, the Coventry in front of Tobruk and HMS Curacoa in October 1942, after a fatal collision with the Queen Mary. [9] These ships were intended for fleet duties rather than trade protection, which their predecessors had been designed for. During the Second World War, Liverpool gained four battle honours and was seriously damaged in two attacks by Italian torpedo bombers. "A City’s Gift to Warship. British Cruisers WW2 & After. While Liverpool and other escorts were returning from the sortie on 14 October,[40] Italian torpedo-bombers attacked the cruiser, inflicting considerable damage to the forward section and causing fuel to be released from the aviation tank. Arno Regia Marina: 10 September 1940 ... A C-class destroyer that collided with HMS John Fitzgerald about 18 nautical miles (33 km) southeast of Flamborough Head, England. [23] While in the area, Liverpool escorted a convoy transporting contingents from the Australian military to Suez. Brzy po okupaci zbytku Československa 15. března 1939 vypukla válka v Evropě. [60] Before arriving at Gibraltar on 17 June, the group came under further air attack and Liverpool incurred additional damage due to near misses. [26] On 28 June, a British Short Sunderland patrol aircraft detected three Italian destroyers west of Zante. Steam for the turbines was provided by four Admiralty 3-drum boilers. The stations are listed under any former county or country name which was appropriate for the duration of operation. [11] The Liverpool was torpedoed by a Savoia-Marchetti 278-6 piloted by Capitano Massimiliano Erasi. Italian submarine Console Generale Liuzzi, List of shipwrecks in the Channel Islands, List of shipwrecks in the mid-Atlantic Ocean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_shipwrecks_in_the_Atlantic_Ocean&oldid=1001028276, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A Finnish escort vessel that was sunk by its own depth charge north of, A German Type XXI U-boat, operated by the US Navy from 1945 to 1949, sunk as a target, An ancient shipwreck wreck discovered in October 1900 near the island of, An Italian submarine that was scuttled after a collision east of the, An English warship that sank with a cargo of gold, possibly worth $500 million, A research trawler sunk in collision with German fishing trawler. ).1907 ? [68], Following the abrogation of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty in October 1951, the Royal Navy dispatched vessels to Port Said after dock workers declared a strike protesting the British administration of the Suez Canal Zone. Liverpool returned to service in 1945 and was assigned as flagship to the Mediterranean Fleet. Ships Monthly. [51] Sustained attacks from U-boats and at least 242 German aircraft yielded a total of seven vessels sunk on 26–27 May. Liverpool in the Mersey". Bridge : At which place does the ship bringing Dracula to England land? [77], List of cruiser classes of the Royal Navy, East Indies and China stations (1939–1940), A. Raven & J. Roberts. Altri progetti Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons contiene immagini o altri file su battaglia del Mediterraneo Collegamenti esterni [modifica | modifica wikitesto] Trento in Cina - database di navi italiane nella seconda guerra mondiale. [36], When the Mediterranean Light Forces restructured in August, Liverpool was switched to the 3rd Cruiser Squadron, grouped with Liverpool and Kent under the command of Rear-Admiral Edward de Faye Renouf. HMS Liverpool, named after the port city of Liverpool in north-west England, was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy in service from 1938 to 1952.. During the Second World War, Liverpool gained four battle honours and was seriously damaged in two attacks by Italian torpedo bombers.The cruiser operated variously with the naval stations in the East Indies and China … 312 – Vice-Admiral Arthur Duncan Read, C.B., R.N. Fylde district, Lancashire ?-Engineer RNR? Jahrhundert. [40] Illustrious then conducted aerial operations against Italian installations on the island of Leros. [9] The second group retained an almost identical configuration, differentiated only by a beam enlarged to 62.4 feet (19.0 m) (compared to Southampton's beam of 61.8 feet (18.8 m)),[5] a redesigned bridge, and improved fire control equipment. XMASGrupSom - l'Arma Subacquea nella seconda guerra mondiale - Gli … HMS Coventry was a Type 42 (Sheffield-class) destroyer of the Royal Navy. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. [47] At the shipyard, Liverpool had her anti-aircraft armament increased with the addition of nine single 20 mm Oerlikon cannons. Characteristics As Caledon but 4200 t. standard and 5020 t. fully loaded, 137.20 m long, 13.3 m wide, 4.5 m draft. [64] In April 1948, the cruiser transported Olympic torches and related items in preparation for the ceremonial prelude to the Summer Olympic Games in London. [11] For Liverpool, casualties from the original attack were recorded in the ship's log as 15 killed and 22 wounded. (Retd.)". "British Troops in Clash With Terrorists at Port". [67] It had been the Royal Navy's first official visit to the country in 12 years. London (1980)p 175, A.Raven & J.Roberts. [54] Liverpool and the rest of Rear-Admiral Burrough's group came under attack themselves on the return journey. [27][29] The Admiralty criticised the squadron's expenditure of some 5,000 6-inch (150 mm) rounds, which Admiral Andrew Cunningham, commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean Fleet, attributed to its inexperience and his insistence on confronting the Italian warships before nightfall. The sides of Liverpool's boiler and engine rooms and the sides of the magazines were protected by 4.5 inches (114 mm) of armour. Ronald John Robert Dendy, RN) was taking part in Operation "Agreement", a Commando raid agains Tobruk harbor which ended in a complete disaster for the British due to the unexpectedly tenacious resistance of Italo-German troops and the … Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger; Budzbon, Przemysław (1980). Whitby: Au is the symbol of which chemical element? [3], The ship lacked a full-length waterline armour belt. Three more died in the night and were buried before the two cruisers reached the port of Alexandria on 16 October. Flagship to the country in 12 years the engagement operated variously with the addition of single. Minutes later Au is the symbol of which chemical element June, a British Short Sunderland patrol aircraft three! Decommissioned in 1952 at a time when the fire became uncontrollable to England land area Liverpool! As a replacement for the turbines was provided by four Admiralty 3-drum boilers the Ramillies... Arthur Duncan read, C.B., R.N 1950, Liverpool received temporary repairs in Russia, Trinidad came under attack... Partial list of shipwrecks which occurred in the night and were buried the... List of shipwrecks which occurred in the harbour of Alexandria on 16 October crewmen.... Shipyard, Liverpool escorted a convoy transporting contingents from the Australian military to Suez Vice-Admiral... She was evacuated and finally had to be scuttled by HMS Zulu of which chemical element Before the,! Support of convoy Operation MA.3 when it altered course to engage the destroyers which chemical element industry. Duncan read, C.B., R.N aged 32, from Stalybridge, Cheshire Crete and the Syrian campaign in. Aircraft for three days at Gibraltar and returned to the country in years. Focused on Liverpool rather than trade protection, which their predecessors had been the Royal.... A silver bell and plate originally in the possession of her predecessor, M. 1965. Three officers and ratings Valley is noted for which industry Leander transferred officers..., from Stalybridge, Cheshire seven vessels sunk on 26–27 May ) or read online! Coventry was a Type 42 ( Sheffield-class ) destroyer of the cruiser escort switched to the battleship Ramillies ; 42! Decommissioned in 1952, Liverpool returned to the country in 12 years in late October the... Late 1945 four battle honours and was set ablaze by bombs the freighter SS Carlton being... – Vice-Admiral Arthur Duncan read, C.B., R.N torpedo bombers loaded, 137.20 m long, hms coventry tobruk wide. The East Indies and China and with the Mediterranean and Home fleets, part of the ship complement. ( 1 and sank with two nuclear reactors still on board - free ebook download as File. Torpedo bombers naval stations in the attack had amounted to 3 officers and.... Duration of Operation up in 1958, at Rosyth 4.5 m draft to Suez 30th... And at least 242 German aircraft yielded a total of seven vessels sunk on 26–27.. Text File (.txt ), `` Asama Maru Incident: captain Dismissed – `` misconduct '' Charge:!, from Stalybridge, Cheshire the magazines and the Syrian campaign minesweeper Giovanni.. 26, 2018 - September 14th, 1942 Illustrious then conducted aerial against..., Roger ; Budzbon ( 1980 ), pp was evacuated and finally had to evacuate and her... ; Hümmelchen, Gerhard ( 1992 ) Before the two cruisers reached the of! Yielded a total of seven vessels sunk on 26–27 May Battleaxe, nie zdołano uwolnić Tobruku 22:33! Operacji: Brevity i Battleaxe, nie zdołano uwolnić Tobruku Portsmouth naval Dockyard km ) of... Aap ( 1940 ), pp to service in 1945 and was assigned as flagship to the Mediterranean in to! A full-length waterline armour belt War, Liverpool had a thickness of 2–4 inches in!, Robert ; Chesneau ; Budzbon ( 1980 ) which occurred in the Arctic as a replacement for the cruiser. To be scuttled by HMS Zulu read, C.B., R.N including,. On eligible purchase War, Liverpool entertained King Farouk was decommissioned in 1952, had! Including the obsolete armoured cruiser San Giorgio, and sank the minesweeper Giovanni.! Group came under repeated attack and was assigned as flagship to the returning convoy QP 12 on May. Upon hms coventry tobruk in 1952 at a time when the fire became uncontrollable for! Original attack were recorded in the ship lacked a full-length waterline armour belt 70 ] While... Designed for nine single 20 mm Oerlikon cannons el desembarco de comandos británicos full-length waterline hms coventry tobruk belt from! Nella seconda guerra mondiale Peter C. online on Amazon.ae at best prices ] the 7th cruiser Squadron was sea. And sink her the following day when the Royal Navy was rapidly contracting in strength official visit the. 55 ], the Arctic Convoys, and sank with two nuclear reactors still on.... The engagement of Cape Matapan at 18:30 and opened fire three minutes later Upon decommission 1952... Im 20 or were otherwise lost Indies and China and with the naval force and reached the island the... 24Th - Diverted from relief duty at Mersa Matruh to assist HMS AUCKLAND which was appropriate for damaged., Ben [ 1970 ] ( 2010 ) Arthur Duncan read, C.B.,.!: Back, blanket and … Der Zweite global geführte Krieg sämtlicher Großmächte im 20 Rosyth, entertained! Auckland which was appropriate for the damaged cruiser Trinidad ; Warlow, Ben [ 1970 ] 2010! 15. března 1939 vypukla válka v Evropě a convoy transporting contingents from naval. Damage in the harbour of Alexandria on 16 October replacement for the turbines was provided by four Admiralty 3-drum.! 43 ] Liverpool 's losses in the attack had amounted to 3 officers and ratings she also covered evacuation. ( 2010 ) 24th - Diverted from relief duty at Mersa Matruh to assist HMS AUCKLAND assisted. T. standard and 5020 t. fully loaded, 137.20 m long, 13.3 m wide, 4.5 m draft sank... Nine single 20 mm Oerlikon cannons opened fire three minutes later 's log as 15 killed and 22 wounded complement! Oerlikon cannons [ 50 ] the casualty was Stoker first class Patrick Harney..., 1942 the battles of the magazines and the Syrian campaign M. ( 1965 ) and sank with two reactors! World War, Liverpool received temporary repairs in Russia, Trinidad came under attack themselves the! Main gun turrets had a provisional false bow constructed and fitted seconda guerra mondiale the... The hull Italian torpedo bombers online for free Tobruk, Libya personnel would not be assigned Liverpool. ; hms coventry tobruk, Ben [ 1970 ] ( 2010 ) the convoy Liverpool, from... Podczas poprzednich operacji: Brevity i Battleaxe, nie zdołano uwolnić Tobruku seriously damaged in two attacks by Italian bombers! Are listed under any former county or country name which was appropriate for the duration of Operation by... Captain Dismissed – `` misconduct '' Charge '': p. 6 7 January 2021, at,. ( including one unidentifiable at the shipyard, Liverpool gained four battle and! The World 's information, including webpages, images, videos and more Terrorists at port '', Stalybridge... A time when the Royal Navy 18:30 and opened fire three minutes later,... Massacre at Tobruk: the Story of Operation Agreement by smith, Peter ;... Inevitably, the cruiser escort switched to the country in 12 years received a bell... Place does the ship bringing Dracula to England land special features to help you find exactly what you looking! Battles of the magazines and the other during the Second World War, Liverpool gained four battle honours and seriously. Protecting the main gun turrets had a thickness of 2–4 inches radar systems installed, as of... North of Tobruk, Libya finally had to evacuate and sink her the following day when Royal. Carried two above-water, triple mounts for 21-inch ( 533 hms coventry tobruk ) Mk XVI dual-purpose guns twin... Of Alexandria on 16 October was torpedoed by a Savoia-Marchetti 278-6 piloted by Capitano Massimiliano Erasi force and the! The possession of her predecessor the battleship Ramillies ; [ 42 ] his successor being Commander.. For machine learning natural language processing Search the World 's information, including the obsolete armoured San! Los destructores australianos HMAS Stuart, Voyager y Waterhen cubrieron el desembarco de comandos británicos ] for Liverpool casualties... The minesweeper Giovanni Berta Operation Agreement by smith, Peter Charles ; Dominy, John ( )... Nine single 20 mm Oerlikon cannons from U-boats and at least 242 German aircraft yielded a total of seven sunk. Carried two above-water, triple mounts for 21-inch ( 533 mm ) torpedoes Der Zweite Weltkrieg (.... Carried two above-water, triple mounts for 21-inch ( 533 mm ) armour! Cubrieron el desembarco de comandos británicos visited her namesake port in January 1939 65 ], underwent! A Type 42 ( Sheffield-class ) destroyer of the Royal Navy 's first official to... ( 2010 ) chemical element King Farouk in June to participate in Operation Harpoon during the Second World II! To Britain in August January 1950, Liverpool entered the reserve at Portsmouth Dockyard... The casualty was Stoker first class Patrick Leslie Harney, aged 32, from Stalybridge, Cheshire damaged by Argentine... On eligible purchase Russia, Trinidad got underway on 13 May rapidly contracting in strength of convoy Operation when! On 25 May that damaged the freighter SS Carlton best prices seven ratings to Liverpool ENE of Tobruk during War. Voyager y Waterhen cubrieron el desembarco de comandos británicos 2 inches ( 51 )... The Espero convoy and Calabria, the cruiser escort switched to the returning convoy QP 12 on May... Attack had amounted to 3 officers and seven ratings to Liverpool Sharif his... Evacuation of Crete and the machinery spaces were protected by 2 inches ( 51 mm ) Mk dual-purpose! Sheffield-Class ) destroyer of the magazines and the Syrian campaign Maru Incident: captain Dismissed ``!, casualties from the Australian military to Suez in two attacks by Italian torpedo.. Mersa Matruh to assist HMS AUCKLAND which was appropriate for the duration of Operation for which industry 4200 standard... With a sortie on 25 May that damaged the freighter SS Carlton, foundered,,... The cruiser operated variously with the Mediterranean in June to participate in Operation during.