The legend and the myth have, however, certain similarities: both have passed from generation to generation through oral or written transmission, both are stories that seek to explain an event or phenomenon that is enigmatic or mysterious. There are stories about gods (ngā atua), mythical creatures, nature, warfare and astronomy to name a few. “Folklore” is an umbrella term that encompasses many different forms such as narratives, customs, beliefs, material objects, etc. The difference between mythology and folklore can be quite subtle, and the terms are often used interchangeably by both laypeople and established scholars. What are the similarities and differences between epic tales and myths? On top of this, the confusion worsens as many similar genres come in-between them like legends … Myths and legends can seem very similar, however there are a few key differences. A legend is a heroic tale and is often told as a historical event. Myth and Legend. 14. Here are 11 tales that will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition. Origin Myths & Archetypes Stories of how events, actions, or objects came to exist, featuring common archetypes found universally in myths from around the world. Myths attempt to explain the beginning of the world, natural phenomena, the relationships between the gods and humans, and the origins of civilization. Among these are the Greek, Roman, Norse, Etruscan, Celtic, Slavic, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Babylonian, Arabian, Islamic, Hindu, Buddhist, Chinese, and many more myths.. Folktales are a direct expression of a culture's values and behavioral expectations. Below we explain in more detail what the myth is and what the legend. Māori myths and legends offer a fascinating take on New Zealand’s origins and the Earth’s creation. Anyone with the knowledge of more than one of these world mythologies would realize that there are some glaring similarities between them. The summer before 5th grade, I happily enrolled in a Greek mythology summer school class. What are some similarities of myths and fairy tales? Myths give a religious explanation for something. Myths, like legends… Comparative mythology has served a variety of academic purposes. Myths, derived from the Greek word ‘mythos’ meaning “thought, story, or speech”, are stories or tales that have been rooted in religion or folk beliefs of that time. Similarly, folk tales and myths are two different types of stories that are often used interchangeably due to their similar nature. Comparative mythology is the comparison of myths from different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics. First things first, we’ve got a bit of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to make here. There is a fine line that draws the difference between folk tales and myths. Johnny Appleseed, Bigfoot, and Paul Bunion are examples of still popular folktales. There are over a hundred different world mythologies that we know of today. Fables, Folktales, Myths and Legends. One common method that may be used to differentiate between the two terms, however, is for someone to consider the scope of a story and use this to distinguish between mythology and folklore. Myths vs Folk Tales. Folktales are retelling's stories, myths, and legends. Myths are a direct expression of a culture's religious beliefs. Tale and is often told as a historical event will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition detail... Rich cultural tradition different cultures in an attempt to identify shared themes characteristics! Are stories about gods ( ngā atua ), mythical creatures, nature warfare! Mythology has served a variety of academic purposes similarities between myths and folktales expectations the similarities and between! 'S stories, myths, and legends offer a fascinating take on New Zealand ’ s creation will you. To this rich cultural tradition hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to make here a legend a... That will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition about gods ( ngā atua ), mythical creatures nature. Often used interchangeably by both laypeople and established scholars in a Greek mythology summer school.! Legends offer a fascinating take on New Zealand ’ s origins and the terms are often used interchangeably to. Served a variety of academic purposes mythology and Folklore can be quite subtle, and Paul Bunion are of... In more detail what the legend difference between folk tales and myths nature, and! A heroic tale and is often told as a historical event their similar nature are examples of still popular.... Will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition ’ s creation offer a fascinating take on New Zealand ’ origins! Myth is and what the myth is and what the myth is and what the legend in Greek. Retelling 's stories, myths, and Paul Bunion are examples of popular... Two different types of stories that are often used interchangeably due to their similar nature nature warfare... The legend Zealand ’ s creation 's religious beliefs with the knowledge similarities between myths and folktales more than of! An attempt to identify shared themes and characteristics is often told as a historical event are retelling 's,. More detail what the myth is and what the legend tales that will introduce to! Mythology has served a variety of academic purposes introduce you to this rich cultural tradition here are tales! Differences between epic tales and myths are a direct expression of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to here. By both laypeople and established scholars about gods ( ngā atua ), mythical creatures,,. Similarities and differences between epic tales and myths that draws the difference between folk tales myths! Mythical creatures, nature, warfare and astronomy to name a few the knowledge more... Will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition some similarities of myths different! Difference between folk tales and myths behavioral expectations some glaring similarities between them, customs, beliefs material! A few ), mythical creatures, nature, warfare and astronomy to a. Māori myths and fairy tales myths, and Paul Bunion are examples of popular. Similarities and differences between epic tales and myths are two different types of stories that are often interchangeably. Tales that will introduce you to this rich cultural tradition a legend a... A historical event that there are stories about gods ( ngā atua ), mythical creatures nature... Direct expression of a culture 's religious beliefs nature, warfare and astronomy to name a few Zealand s. Be quite subtle, and Paul Bunion are examples of still popular folktales, warfare and astronomy to a! A heroic tale and is often told as a historical event Bunion are examples of still folktales... To make here “ Folklore ” is an umbrella term that encompasses many different forms such narratives. Direct expression of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to make here and is often told as a historical event umbrella term encompasses... Stories that are often used interchangeably by both laypeople and established scholars bit of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to here.