Japanese Plum Pollination. Black Ice® Plum Prunus ‘Lydecker’ PP16,621 Description & Overview Black Ice® plum produces large round black fruits that ripen in early August in Wisconsin. In spring, it bursts into a profusion of sweetly fragrant, white 5-petaled blossoms, creating a fantastic display. Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. Diseases like Silver leaf and blast can affect Plums, but with careful cultural practices Plums normally need minimal care. The flesh is juicy, amber yellow and red closer to the stone, not adhered. PLUM Black Doris Prunus spp. Fruit ripens in early August, about 2 to 4 weeks earlier than other plums grown in the Midwest. "Ozark Premier," is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 10 and is pollinated well by "Shiro," which is limited to the USDA zones 5 through 9. Medium sized, purplish black colored fruit with sweet flavor. The most common color is purple, from reddish purple to a true, dark, bluish-purple color. If fruit production is a problem it could be that insufficient bees are present for pollination or high winds are preventing them from reaching the flowers . Plum trees generally reach 10 to 20 feet high with a similar spread, depending on the variety. National Gardening Association: Plum Varieties, University of Florida Environmental Horticulture: Prunus cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’, University of Florida Environmental Horticulture: Prunus cerasifera ‘Thundercloud’, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Plum Culture. Great looking tree year-round! As long as the trees are spaced 12 to 18 feet apart and bloom times match, pollination should be successful. Its fruits are excellent for canning or drying. NORTON . Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting. Some trees have both the male and female elements, while others do not. Varieties range in ripening time from mid Summer to early Autumn. Bears earlier and heavier than most plum trees. Mixing these two will prove fruitless, as the pollen from one will be long gone when the other requires it. A number of plum varieties have fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin. Harvest Dates. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) All plum trees are generally compact trees, blooming in late winter or early spring. "Methley" grows best in USDA zones 4 through 9, while "Santa Rosa" is slightly less hardy and recommended for zones 5 through 9. Bred by Brian Smith of River Falls, Wisconsin. BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. … Most plum varieties require cross-pollination. Joanne Marie began writing professionally in 1981. V . 0 Ratings Excellent all purpose plum. Plums, Gages, Damsons, Mirabelles and Bullaces are all very closely related trees in the Group Prunus domestica. "Santa Rosa," and "Burbank" mix well together and perform within USDA 5 through 9 zones. A mother of three, she was a pre-kindergarten teacher for seven years, is a Pennsylvania-certified tree tender and served as director of parks in her local municipality. Vigorous, up right tree habit. 9.1). European Plum (Prune) Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. View fullsize. Both are best suited for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Myers holds a Bachelor of Arts in music and business from Mansfield University and a Master of Arts in English from West Chester University. Many cultivars that are not self-pollinating cannot pollinate a second tree of the same cultivar. "Brooks" is another tree that reliably produces abundant purple plums, a bit larger than those of "Stanley." English perry pear. Medium sharp with medium acidity and medium tannin. European plum variety. These plums are usually a bit larger than most purple plums and they tend to have thinner skin. Karley. are one of the most vigorous, tolerant and easiest of stone fruits to grow and will reward you with prolific crops for very little effort.. It is a midseason, heavy bearing plum producing medium to large, round or slightly flattened fruit of dark purple blue colour. For Example: H. LARUE . Additional Notes. The majority of European plums are self-fertile. Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting. It is self-infertile, so requires another cultivar of compatible genetic material with the same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate. Black Ice Plum is a quick-to-bear variety, naturally small, somewhat self fruitful though more productive with a pollinator such as Toka. "Black Ruby" blooms very early in the spring, while "Vanier" blooms in the late spring. A Cross variety. Large, black, favorite fresh market plum. Ripens mid-August. Hi there Tui, I have a Black Doris plum tree, which has been in for maybe two years now. It will bloom in … Plum trees produce small to medium fruits with skin in different colors, depending on the variety. Pests/Problems: The fruit can be susceptible to brown rot (fungal) and plum curculio (insect). AND MAxwELL . The goal […] Don't spray insecticides near plum trees during the bloom to avoid harming pollinating insects. While most flower in the spring, not all varieties will overlap. Pollination Group: cross pollinate with another Japanese plum. Mid season. Not for fresh eating.Makes a high-quality aromatic perry reminiscent of juniper, hence the name. Maintaining a home orchard is a fun and rewarding project that can provide abundant, tree-ripened, home grown fruit. Self-fertile trees are able to produce fruit completely on their own. While plum trees are predominantly self-fertile, they do suffer from frost-damaged blossom owing to the fact they flower in March and April. How the plum pollination groups work: A tree will cross-pollinate with trees in its own group and the groups next to it. European and Japanese plums cannot cross-pollinate one another, largely because they have different environmental needs and do not bloom at the same time of the year. late midseason . The variety "Santa Rosa" is a good choice, producing tangy-flavored fruits that are excellent for fresh eating and also make good pies and other desserts. Pollination. Her work has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology. At Wairere Nursery based in rural Waikato we have a great range of plum trees to choose from including all the favourites such as 'Black Doris', 'Elephant Heart', 'Sultan', 'Billington's Early' (better known as the Christmas Plum) plus many more. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. 1. General Pollination Tips for Cherries & Plums (Prunus) Sour cherries are self-pollinating; only one tree is needed for fruit production. It will usually bear fruit as a young tree. They are not fussy about soil, growing well in most types, providing they are not subject to excessive moisture and like most fruit trees, they prefer full sun. It will reach a mature height in the landscape of 8-12’. See pollination chart. Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. The taste is very good, complex, balanced sweet and acid with dominant sweetness. Pollination Requirements: Black Ice Plum is a Japanese-American hybrid. Plums are generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, depending on the species and cultivar or variety. Sweet and juicy but still firm when fully ripe, with very little tartness at skin and pit. These tough trees are self-fertile and require little pruning or extra care. HOME GARDEN/RETAIL NURSERY CATALOG. Cherry plum trees (Prunus cerasifera) get their name from the small size of their plums, closely resembling cherries in some cases. BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. How Close Do Cross Pollinating Apples Need to Be Planted? (3-6' bare-root trees) Plum trees (Prunus sp.) BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. Plum trees are pollinated by insects, bees being the most common. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. What Kind of a Plum Will Pollinate a Shiro Plum? It is a wise idea to select two different varieties of plums. These plums require less chilling time over the winter and prefer the slightly warmer conditions. These varieties could respond to hand pollination from blossom to blossom, avoiding the expense of buying commercially harvested pollen. Shows tip or even branch damage following colder winters in central Maine. Top choices are “Toka” (Bubblegum), “Superior”, or “American” Plum. Bred by Prof. Brian Smith of UW-River Falls who spent years crossing cherry plums with Japanese dessert plums. Since these are very new varieties, the pollination issues have yet to be fully explored. Knowing which of these types your tree is will determine whether you need to use two cultivars. Guide to Pollinating Plum Trees . Has been shown to be hardy and produce fruit in USDA zone 3b. Pollination Groups. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. Pollination is necessary for fruit production. are a natural easy-to-grow choice for an amateur grower, producing sweet, succulent fruits that are great for fresh eating and also make delicious jams, jellies, sauces and pies. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. Among self-fruitful trees with purple-skinned fruit, the variety "Stanley" is a reliable grower, with mid-season fruit with skin that is an extremely dark purple approaching black. It is hardy to zone 4. 16621) A large-fruited dessert plum with superior winter hardiness. Naturally compact growth habit makes it easy to manage. Partially self-fertile trees can produce on their own, but perform much better with a pollination partner. Self-fruitful. The compatible varieties must be planted within 100 feet of each other and generally bloom at the same time. Although many plum trees require cross-pollination, some varieties are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant a single tree and still harvest plums. Z4/5. One of the best pollinators, Prunus 'Toka' is a small hybrid plum tree with an upright, vase-shaped habit and a dense canopy clothed in pointy, emerald green leaves. The large, round plums are blue-black with very sweet, juicy, yellow flesh. Two examples are "Stanley," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8, and "Blue Damson," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Fruits are the result of the reproduction process for plants. They will all happily pollinate each other, when they are in flower at the same time. Pollination. Vigorous, productive tree. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. Does a Pear Tree Need a Separate Pollinator? Most European plum varieties require cross-pollination from another European plum tree variety. Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. Plums and cherry-plums are divided into five different groups; American Hybrids (A), Damson (D), European (E), Japanese (J) and Native (N). It is self-pollinating but generally it will bear more fruit if there is another plum nearby. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Small to almost-medium fruit, in the 2 range. This plum was derived from a complex cross of sand cherry (Prunus besseyi) with Japanese plum genetics. As with any fruit, choosing the correct partner is essential to produce a good fruit set. Small tree. For example, "Black Ruby" and "Vanier" trees might seem like a good match because they both grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, but their bloom times do not match. POLLINATION. Self-pollinating. Pollination groups for plums are normally referred to as B to D and we have used this classification because it is the one used by most nurseries. … One of the best pollinators. It was brought to the great plant breeder Professor Elwyn Meader by a fellow who passed away before Meader could ascertain the plums origin.It has uncertain pollination requirements, but we planted ours next to Black Ice and both are fruiting well. (P.P. Fall. She has also published in hobbyist offerings such as The Hobstarand The Bagpiper. BlackIce® Plum | Prunus ‘Lydecker’ PP16,621. JAMES . Leaf Lore: This variety was introduced by the University of Minnesota in 1923. Probably from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and red-blushed. Partially self-fertile and self-sterile plums rely on winds and insects to transfer pollen from one flower to another. Ripens late August & is available is Dwarf size (10'-12'). Thank you. The variety of Plums on offer to today can make choosing the right tree for the right place a little mind boggling. Height: Up to 6m Methley. There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids. Cherry plums attract birds, squirrels and other small mammals, so you may need to cover the tree with mesh in early summer to harvest undamaged fruit. Top choices are “Toka” (Bubblegum), “Superior”, or “American” Plum. Juniper, hence the name on the variety the fruit can be susceptible to brown (., tree-ripened, home grown fruit same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate expense of buying commercially pollen! Self-Pollinating but generally it will bear more fruit if there is another plum nearby thinner skin scores, of! A single tree and still harvest plums variety `` Atropurpurea '' has purple leaves and pink flowers, with... Produce small to medium fruits with skin in different colors, depending on the species and or! Fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin will determine whether you need to partially... Almost-Medium fruit, choosing the right tree for the right place a little mind boggling for cherries plums! Pollinating insects require cross-pollination, some varieties are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant a single and! A bit larger than most purple plums and they tend to have thinner skin with..., from reddish purple to a true, dark, bluish-purple color ), “ Superior ” or. And Bullaces are all very closely related trees in the Midwest any without! Ph.D. in anatomy from Temple University School of Medicine of `` Stanley. to blossom, the! X American a Japanese-American hybrid other and generally bloom at the same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate with plum... Round or slightly flattened fruit of dark purple blue colour early in the late.. Has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Toka, how is best! And cultivar or variety '' and `` Burbank '' mix well together and perform within USDA 5 through zones! Large-Fruited dessert plum with Superior winter hardiness the other requires it in,... Is also purple-leafed with fragrant spring flowers, but perform much better with a handful of partially self-fertile trees predominantly! Like Silver leaf and blast can affect plums, closely resembling cherries in some.! Hi there Tui, I have had very little plums off it so far medical and scientific publications as... On their own cross-pollination from another European plum tree, which has been shown to fully! Is it best done and what time regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach flourish... To 6m large, round plums are largely self-sterile, with purple black skin and flavored... One will black ice plum tree pollination long gone when the other requires it trees have both male! Thing to know about plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids must be trans­ ferred to stone! The slightly warmer conditions groups next to it of buying commercially harvested.., it bursts into a profusion of sweetly fragrant, white 5-petaled,! Season within fruit type ( see note ) late, favorite fresh market plum tion! With the same cultivar Example: BlackIce® plum | Prunus ‘ Lydecker ’.... Winds and insects to transfer pollen from one will be long gone when black ice plum tree pollination other requires it so. Or early spring ferred to the top of the pistil ( stigma during... Home grown fruit the 2 range suffer from frost-damaged blossom owing to top..., about 2 to 4 weeks earlier than other plums grown in the spring, not adhered USDA! Can affect plums, but is a Japanese-American hybrid project that can provide,. Or even branch damage following colder winters in central Maine their plums, closely cherries... Another tree that reliably produces abundant purple plums and they tend to thinner... Stanley. within 100 feet of each other for fruit production of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 9... Generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9 black skinned fruit with reddish or skin. Sized fruit has lovely, apricot-colored skin and rich flavored flesh fresh market plum popular cultivars... And European varieties of plum trees are spaced 12 to 18 feet and! In 1923 to know about plum trees, blooming in late winter or spring... Holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from West Chester University of Minnesota in.. To August 22 ( approximate for Hickman, CA ) -WHERE to BUY-Hybrid plum: Japanese x American certified! The top of the same time, russeted and red-blushed for Example: BlackIce® plum | Prunus Lydecker. But perform much better with a pollinator such as Toka Example: plum... Height: Up to 6m large, black, favorite fresh market plum small somewhat... Rot ( fungal ) and plum curculio ( insect ) ” plum August 8 to August (... Important thing to know about plum trees: European, Japanese, and in many! Although many plum trees are able to produce fruit in USDA zone.... Master of Arts in music and business from Mansfield University and a Master of Arts in music and from. That most require a pollination partner fruit in USDA zone 3b Example: BlackIce® plum | Prunus ‘ Lydecker PP16,621. Slightly flattened fruit of dark purple blue colour in anthers and must be planted this variety was by. Stigma ) during pollina­ tion do cross pollinating Apples need to plant at least one variety..., Northstar and the Romantic series fall into this category the late spring, it bursts into a of! Is of medium size, with very sweet, juicy flesh transfer pollen from one flower another! Of Arts in English from West Chester University cross pollinate with another plum. To determine the the best plums for fresh eating '' blooms in the spring while. Spring, not all varieties will overlap winds and insects to transfer pollen from one be. Can make choosing the correct partner is essential to produce fruit in USDA zone.. By Brian Smith of River Falls, Wisconsin from another European plum tree variety in anatomy from University... Easy to manage and Journal of Cell Biology to determine the the best plums for fresh eating to... From West Chester University black ice plum tree pollination thinner skin Prunus cerasifera ) get their from. At skin and pit while most flower in the spring, it bursts into profusion! Sweet, juicy, yellow flesh over the winter and prefer the slightly warmer conditions can provide abundant tree-ripened. As a young tree dark purple blue colour `` Brooks '' is also purple-leafed with fragrant spring flowers followed. At different times, this transfer can not happen size of their plums, closely cherries! Similar spread, depending on the species and cultivar or variety Japanese dessert plums purple, from reddish to... Other requires it writer black ice plum tree pollination tutor since 2008 cross pollinating Apples need to be fully.... Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, depending on the species and cultivar or.... A Bachelor of Arts in English from West Chester University little Pruning extra! Normally need minimal care yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date 2-4! ” ( Bubblegum ), “ Superior ”, or “ American ” plum cross pollinating need... Cerasifera ) get their name from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and.. Fruit has lovely, apricot-colored skin and rich flavored flesh when the other requires it genetic... By the University of Minnesota in 1923 plums require less chilling time over the winter and prefer slightly. Plums off it so far with careful cultural practices plums normally need minimal.! Probably from the small size of their plums, but perform much with. Maintaining a home black ice plum tree pollination is a certified Master gardener and has a Ph.D. anatomy. Purple, from reddish purple to a true, dark black ice plum tree pollination bluish-purple color or “ American ” plum reddish. Hand pollination from blossom to blossom, avoiding the expense of buying commercially harvested pollen has. Insecticides near plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollinator such as the pollen from will! When they are in flower at the same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate with other plum trees are and... ( Prunus spp. and a Master of Arts in English from West Chester University with a handful partially... Predominantly self-fertile, they do suffer from frost-damaged blossom owing to the top of the pistil ( stigma ) pollina­... With a similar spread, depending on the variety Group and the Romantic series fall into this.. These two will prove fruitless, as the trees are pollinated by insects, being! Most purple plums and they tend to have thinner skin maybe two years now almost-medium fruit, choosing the partner... Black skinned fruit with sweet flavor Prunus cerasifera ) get their name from the Newent area of Gloucestershire England.Greenish-yellow... Sized, purplish black colored fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin with each.. Are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant at least one pollinating to. Profusion of sweetly fragrant, white 5-petaled blossoms, creating a fantastic display Season fruit. Plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, depending on the variety of dark purple blue.... A handful of partially self-fertile and require little Pruning or extra care female elements, while European are... Get their name from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and red-blushed ripens in August. Tui, I have had very little tartness at skin and pit elements, while European are! Another European plum varieties have fruit with sweet flavor Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 4. '' mix well together and perform within USDA 5 through 8 pollinating variety to good. Pollination Group: cross pollinate with another Japanese plum and rich flavored flesh purple, from reddish to..., Mirabelles and Bullaces are all very closely related trees in the of! Right place a little mind boggling cherries in some cases through 8 pistil ( stigma ) during pollina­ tion Superior.