Includes Flavor Profiles, Substitutions, and Food Pairings for 20 Most Common Herbs and Spices Found in Spice Jar Organizer Sets Refrigerator Magnet is the perfect cooking guide accessory gift for people who like to cook or make their own rub recipes when smoking meat on the barbecue Complete Seasonings List: allspice, Used in powder or paste form, annatto is typically used in Mexican and Latin American cuisines in bean dishes, sauces, sausages, and stew and as an ingredient in dry-rub seasoning mixes for beef and seafood. Vanilla paste is mixed with a natural thickener, sugar, and water and can be substituted for extract at a 1 for 1 ratio. They’re also essential in several spice blends such as Chinese five-spice powder. The most expensive spice by weight, saffron is used in Asian, Indian, and Mediterranean cuisines to flavor curries, fish, poultry, rice, risotto, and seafood. It also boosts the immune system, relieves headache and migraine pain, eases respiratory tract infections and may even play a role in cancer prevention. To source the more exotic fresh herbs and spices, get out of your comfort zone and visit Asian and Middle Eastern grocery stores and markets where you’ll often find them at lower cost and much higher quality than those offered at your local HEB, Food Lion, or Albert’s. Widely used in Korean cooking, it’s a staple dipping sauces, dressings, kimchi, and marinades. Nutritional yeast is a deactivated yeast (it won’t rise to leaven breads), usually from the strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and its flakes are used as a flavoring agent and for its important nutritional profile. Using curry leaves for flavoring provides fiber, iron, and vitamins A, C and E. They can support the health of your heart, fight diabetes, prevent or fight infections, lower your cholesterol levels and prevent iron deficiency anemia. It is often taken as an extract or supplement to relieve digestive issues like constipation, diarrhea, IBS, gas and bloating. Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis, is a woody, perennial herb in the Lamiaceae (mint) family native to the Mediterranean area. ), Chia Seeds Benefits: The Omega-3, Protein-Packed Superfood, 9 Proven Black Seed Oil Benefits that Boost Your Health, Top 15 Potassium-Rich Foods to Start Eating Today, Bay Leaf Benefits for Digestion, Wounds and Diabetics, Cherimoya Fruit for Digestion, Eye Health & More, Homemade Detox Drinks: 5 Major Health Benefits, Including Weight Loss. Quick Tips to Cooking with Herbs and Spices. Research shows that sarsaparilla also has anti-tumor and cancer-preventing effects. Curly leaf parsley is more commonly used as a pretty garnish. BY Holly Cole, Journalist. (11), The roots and rhizomes of black cohosh, a flowering plant native to North America, are used to treat or relieve a number of hormonal issues, including menopause symptoms like hot flashes, trouble sleeping and bone loss. A star in savory dishes it suits curries, fish, meat, pickles and preserves, sausages, stews, and vegetables as well as cheese dishes, cream sauces and soups, custards, and souffles. When heartier … It also works as a pain reliever, blood vessel protector, immune booster and cancer fighter. Parsley, Petroselinum crispum, is a biennial flowering herb in the Apiaceae family native to the central Mediterranean basin that is used for its clean, bright, and grassy flavor. Using garam masala in your recipes can improve your digestion, fight diabetes, reduce inflammation, boost your heart health and may work to prevent cancer. Herbs are the tender green leafy parts harvested from immature plants, used for culinary flavor or aroma. W. Want to master your spice cupboard or herb garden and not sure where to start? Used to flavor any savory dish, pepper is a staple many spice blends and when used with eggs, fish, grains, legumes, meat, poultry, soups, stock, and vegetables. Berberine also works as a natural remedy for diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, obesity, Alzheimer’s disease, lung inflammation, SIBO and cancer. Some people may have an allergy or intolerance to annatto, so introduce it into your diet slowly to make sure it doesn’t cause any adverse reactions. Cooking with cumin seeds can aid your digestion, boost your immune system, promote the health of your skin, relieve respiratory conditions, promote detoxification, combat oxidative stress, fight infections and prevent diabetes. Dill weed also has anticonvulsant properties, so it is used to treat epilepsy as well. It can be used to fight fungal and bacterial infections, reduce inflammation, repel insects, ease stomach aches, boost energy, ease anxiety, reduce fevers, ease pain and stimulate menstrual flow. Use with cheese sauces, meats, sausages, savory sauces, stews, and vegetables like dark leafy greens, potatoes, and winter squash. (67), Oregano is an herb that has been used for healing for thousands of years. Popular in south and central European cooking, fresh lovage leaves are used as an herb to flavor fish, meat, pasta, poultry, rice, sauces, and vegetables. Popular with vegans and vegetarians, nutritional yeast can be added to grains, legumes, savory sauces, tofu, pasta, vegetables, and as a cheese replacement to flavor popcorn. Dried herbs are best used in recipes where there is plenty of time for them to cook in as they need enough time soak up some of the water to rehydrate. Products made from the roots, stems and leaves of stinging nettle can help to improve urinary issues and benign prostatic hyperplasia, ease allergy symptoms and prevent reactions to hay fever, ease joint pain and symptoms of osteoarthritis, slow down bleeding after surgery and improve eczema symptoms. Recently retired as a costume specialist in the TV and film industry, Lorna now enjoys blogging on contemporary lifestyle themes. Did you know that there are over a hundred herbs and spices that can be consumed or used topically for healing? So many of us work hard every day and feel like we ... Every person’s health and well-being depends on how well her body removes ... Ashitaba: A Traditional Leafy Green with an Impressive Nutrition Profile, Healthy Salt Substitute Alternatives vs. Used in eastern Mediterranean countries and the Middle East, mahleb flavors dry spice rubs and marinades, cheese, lamb, and pork and adds a sharp note to baked goods such as cakes, cookies, pastries, and sweet breads. Well here is a guide to some of the most common herbs and spices and how they can be used in dishes. Thai basil can be used interchangeably with sweet basil in most dishes. Used to season south Asian and Middle Eastern cuisines, sumac adds a zing of tart taste to kebabs and grilled meats, meze (appetizer) dishes, rice, and salads, and is often added to the spice blend za’atar. (74), Psyllium husk is an edible soluble fiber that comes from a shrub-like herb most common in India. Savory is used extensively in Atlantic Canada and eastern European countries like Bulgaria and Romania to flavor beans, bread coatings for fish, grilled meats, lamb, lentils, pasta and pizza toppings, sausages, seafood, stews, stuffing for game and poultry, vegetables, and is a primary ingredient in herbes de Provence. Found in numerous cuisines such as Brazilian, Indian, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Philippine, dried leaves can be used whole, crumbled, or dried. However, it’s also a great all purpose mix to add to soups, stews, red meats, and veggies. Achiote (Annatto) – Often, a reddish-brown paste or powder ground from annatto seeds with an earthy flavor. It works as a potent antioxidant, reduces inflammation, boosts the immune system, supports digestion, reduces pain and lowers cholesterol levels. Over cooking all herbs and spices will lead to a loss of flavor and they should be added towards the end of slow cooking or long and slow braising. (50), Juniper berries are female seed cones that come from juniper plants. When soaked, the seeds absorb up to 10 times their weight in liquid and become gelatinous, taking on a slightly sweet taste. The flavor is warm, earthy, and nutty with a satisfying crunch thanks to the nuts. It also pairs well with tomato, chickpeas, and yogurt. Using witch hazel can also help to heal cracked skin, ingrown hairs, excess sweating, varicose veins, razor burn and hemorrhoids. They add a bright, sweetly tart flavor to curries, fish cakes, pilafs, seafood, soups, stir fires, and vegetables. Vanilla comes from a species of orchid, Vanilla planifolia, indigenous to Mexico and Central America. Flavors are deep and earthy, with a hint of citrus and mint and smoky notes in black cardamom. Native Americans used the herb for medicinal purposes. (38), Galangal is part of the ginger family, and it’s often used in Thai food. Basil, Ocimum basilicum, is an annual kitchen herb in the Lamiaceae (mint) family originally from the tropical areas of central Africa through to Southeast Asia. Hyssop is available in capsules, teas and extracts. Cumin, Cuminum cyminum, is another annual flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the Middle East and into India. The Spice Guide is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, audible.com, and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program. The root is sold as a dry powdered extract in capsules, teas, tinctures and fluid extracts. (8), Basil is an aromatic herb in the mint family that anti-inflammatory, anti-stress and antibacterial properties. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Some are more broad like this one, and others tackle specific ingredients. It has a citrus flavor similar to its namesake and can be used fresh or dried and powdered. More economical than anise, star anise is widely used in the cuisines of China, India, Indonesian, and Southeast Asia to season meat, root veggies, soups, stews, and baked goods like cakes, cookies, and pastries. Peppercorns are the dried fruit of the flowering vine Piper nigrum in the family Piperaceae and are native to the tropical regions of south India. This aromatic mixture has a rich, complex flavor of bitter, spicy, and sweet notes. Herbs & Spices Asafoetida (Asafetida) : Native to the deserts of Iran and mountains of Afghanistan, asafoetida is a standard component of South Indian and Maharashtrian cuisine. Used to add a sour note to many Middle Eastern dishes, it’s widely used with lentils, rice, soups, stews, tagines, and is popular with fish, grilled meat, and poultry. (45), Holy basil is an adaptogen herb that can be used to relieve or ease conditions like anxiety, hypothyroidism, adrenal fatigue and acne. You can add powdered asafoetida to soups and stews, or purchase it as a supplement in tincture or capsule form. It boosts the health and function of your immune, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, helps to heal wounds, prevents diabetes, slows the growth of tumors and alleviates symptoms of chemotherapy. Borage oil contains high amounts of GLA, a type of omega-6 fatty acid that is helpful for treating a wide range of health issues, like PMS symptoms, ADHD, bone loss, hormone imbalances, respiratory conditions, heart disease and stroke. Consuming saffron promotes cardiovascular health, alleviates symptoms of PMS, treats anxiety and depression, promotes satiety and can help with weight loss, treats erectile dysfunction and helps to prevent or treat cancer. Add a dash to your chicken pot pie or dumpling dish for a quick and easy flavor additive. Storing Herbs & Spices. Mace is widely employed in Asian, British, Caribbean, Dutch, French, and Moroccan cuisines. By using healing herbs and spices, people can thrive and focus on their overall conditions, rather than on a particular ailment that typically arises from a lack of equilibrium of the mind, body and environment. (95), When vanilla beans are combined with alcohol, this makes a vanilla tincture or extract that’s added to recipes for flavor. Herbs do not. Say you have left over chicken. Similar in appearance to celery, its flavor is deep and earthy, an intense cross of celery and parsley. The leaves are used fresh or dried for its warm, peppery, and piney flavor with hints of citrus and eucalyptus. A popular ingredient in Greek, German, and Middle Eastern cuisines, nutmeg is best enjoyed when fresh-grated. Heavily used in Hungarian cuisine, paprika is also found in Eastern European, Latin American, Mexican, and Thai cooking. Herbs We do have guides to various ingredients that you may be interested in throughout the site. Common in Middle Eastern and North African cuisines, cinnamon often flavors curries and lamb dishes, is also a popular ingredient in spice blends like pumpkin pie spice and garam masala, and is used in other beverages like mulled wine and cider as well as spicy teas. (42), Ginseng belongs to the genus Panax, and it’s used to reduce stress, improve brain function, reduce inflammation, aid weight loss, lower blood sugar levels, boost the immune system, support lung function, treat sexual dysfunction and prevent cancer. It’s also used extensively in Scandinavian countries, primarily in baked goods like breads, pies, and fruit tarts. Among those most commonly used are cardamom, chiles, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, cumin, fennel seed, fenugreek, mace, nutmeg, red and black pepper, poppy and sesame seeds, saffron, … Marigolds can also help to ease digestive issues, boost the immune system, reduce inflammation and fight cancer. We hope you find this useful. They are commonly divided into the categories of spices, spice seeds, and herbs.… (41), Ginkgo biloba is a natural extract that’s derived from the Chinese ginkgo tree. Other spices that may be added include allspice, celery seeds, ground ginger, oregano, lemon peel, parsley, savory, dried onion, cayenne, garlic powder, cloves, and/or paprika depending on the recipe or commercial blend. They’re a natural with chowder, couscous, curries, fish and seafood dishes, fish soup and chowder, lentils, pickling spice mixes, pork, sausages, and in baked goods like biscuits, rye breads, and sweet pastries. Intensely aromatic, its flavor is warmly pungent, with earthy notes of camphor, hay, and mint. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The tiny leaves on this low-growing woody plant work best in tandem with other herbs and spices such as basil, sage, and lavender. (4), Asafoetida is a resinous gum that’s derived from the perennial fennel plant. If substituting dried for fresh herbs, you should start out with around 1/2 of the amount called for in the recipes. Vitamin D Deficiency Symptoms & Sources to Reverse It! Ingesting this herb can cause liver damage. The ground spice has a deep fragrance and warm, slightly sweet taste that makes it a suitable ingredient to both sweet and savory foods. Used in Greek and Middle Eastern cuisines, baharat flavors beef, breads, chicken, couscous, dry rubs for meat, fish, lamb, lentils, rice, seafood, soups, stews, and tomato dishes. (57), The marigold flower is used to make herbal ointments, topical creams, tinctures and teas to treat a number of health conditions, including muscle cramps, eye inflammation, fungal infections, and skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis. Delicious in slow-cooked dishes like beans, grains, lentils, meatballs, roasted vegetables, and stews it also shines via a western BBQ – try it as a marinade or dry rub on the likes of grilled burger patties, chicken, pork, ribs, steak, and veggies or in a big pot of chili. A bit daft about the garden, she’s particularly obsessed with organic tomatoes and herbs, and delights in breaking bread with family and friends. The shrub-like trees are also know as pepperwood, California laurel, and Oregon myrtle and are found wild and cultivated along the western coast of the United States. (90), Thyme is an herb that’s part of the mint family and is often used in cooking. Popular in Northern European cooking, caraway seeds are used to flavor breads and cakes, cabbage, cheeses, liquor, potato salad, and sauerkraut. It’s also a main component in the French blend “Fines Herbes .”. It also flavors mustard and pickles, spicy teas, and is a main ingredient in the spice blend ras el hanout. It can also ease anxiety, lower blood pressure, improve your ability to deal with stress and ease menstrual cramps. We’ve split our 84 different selections into three different groups for your convenience. We recommend substituting one-third the amount called for. Dill is used extensively in the cuisines of Baltic and Eastern Europe, India, the Middle East, Scandinavian countries, and Southeast Asia to flavor borscht, canapes, compound butters, eggs, fish, pickles, sauces, soup, spreads and vegetables. Aframomum melegueta. (101), Related: Gymnema Sylvestre: An Ayurvedic Herb That Helps Fight Diabetes, Obesity & More. Cumin is a very warm flavor that tastes great mixed with turmeric, curry, cayenne, cinnamon, coriander, garlic, and saffron. The results is a lovely, sweetly smoky and lightly spiced flavor often found in spicy sausages like chorizo or salami, and paella. And it’s also used to great effect in condiments, dressings, sauces, tarragon vinegar, and vinaigrettes. Milk thistle benefits also include its ability to protect you against cancer, lower cholesterol levels, control diabetes and reduce signs of aging. Add a few leaves to fish, pork, or poultry marinades, or combine with lemongrass and ginger for an Asian-flavored bouquet garni to flavor soups, stews, and stock. The flowers, leaves and oil from the seeds can be used to improve skin conditions like eczema, reduce fever, and relieve conditions like cough, rheumatoid arthritis and pain caused by inflammation. It’s useful for relieving motion sickness and aiding digestion as well. With so many natural remedies at your disposal, the need for prescription medications goes down considerably. This yellow type is often used in canning and pickling recipes and is the source for the yellow color and flavoring in the condiment of the same name. They do not really add substance to food. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, and people taking conventional medications should also speak to their health care providers before supplementing with spices and herbs. (3), Arrowroot is the starch that’s obtained from the rhizomes of a perennial herb called Maranta arundinacea. Popular around the globe, coriander is extensively used in Asian, European, Indian, and South African cuisines to flavor breads, meat dishes, pickling spices, sausages, stir fries, and vegetables as well as lending its flavor to beer and spiced tea. You can also use slippery elm for pets to relieve their digestive problems and reduce inflammation. You can find holy basil in supplement form or drink tulsi tea for these benefits. It can be used to boost your mood, relieve respiratory conditions like sore throat and bronchitis, lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and fight cancer cells. (86), Sorrel is an herb that is used to add a tangy flavor to foods, but it also boasts health benefits because of its nutrient content and antioxidants, and its antimicrobial, cancer-preventing and immune-boosting properties. Herbs such as oregano, thyme, parsley, rosemary, and sage should be added towards the beginning of a cook so there is time to extract the oils which allow the flavors to fully develop. Herb and Spice Storage Tips: Keep spices and herbs away from heat, moisture, and direct sunlight. It’s also a primary ingredient in blends such as “Italian”. Used in Asian, Caribbean, Latin American, and Mexican cooking cilantro flavors chutneys, dal, guacamole, salsa, salads, and soups and is best used fresh for peak flavor. Commonly used in cuisines of south Asian, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East, fresh fenugreek is used to season curries, dal, garbanzos, pickles, potatoes, stews, and tomato sauce. Now that you’re familiar with the many flavorful herbs and spices available, will you be trying out some new seasonings? Pink peppercorns are the dried berries of an evergreen shrub known as the Peruvian peppertree, Schinus molle, native to the Peruvian Andes and into central Argentina and central Chile. https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/articles/guide-to-spices Like sweet basil, its flavor is bright and sweetly spicy with a distinct licorice taste and notes of cloves. The theory is that this effect allows the fruity flavor of the chilies to shine through more. Spearmint and peppermint are common garden and grocery store varieties, and both feature a clean, sweet flavor with tones of eucalyptus and a distinct cooling sensation – peppermint having a sharper, more pungent taste than its parent, spearmint. Adding these mixes to your cooking repertoire can add an authentic touch to your efforts at international cooking and make your culinary creations turn into something special. It can also be used to speed wound healing and lessen skin irritations. Stigmas are used whole as “threads” or ground for their mild, slightly bitter floral flavor and the bright yellow hue they impart to foods. Dr. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world...Sign up to get VIP access to his eBooks and valuable weekly health tips for FREE! Several cultivars have culinary uses from sweet, Genovese basil to Thai and lemon varieties. Turmeric supplements can be taken in place of antidepressants, anticoagulants, arthritis medications, skin condition treatments, anti-inflammatory medications and cholesterol regulators. Chervil should be used fresh or added to cooked dishes at the very end as cooking destroys its gentle flavor. It can be used to aid digestion, treat urinary tract infections, help to fight foodborne pathogens, relieve mouth pain and boost your immune system. Ceylon cinnamon (C. verum) is considered superior for baked goods like buns, cakes, fruit desserts, pies, and quick breads while C. cassia is more often used in savory dishes. (43), The dried rhizomes and roots of goldenseal are used to make liquid extracts, capsules, tablets, teas and skin care products. A Quick Guide to Spreadable Fruit, Raise A Toast To The German Riesling Apple Cake, Fig and Gruyere Grilled Cheese Is a Sweet and Savory Flavor Explosion, 14 BBQ Grilling Safety Tips You Need to Know. love the information that is given. Chamomile benefits also include its ability to help fight skin irritations, relieve toothaches, PMS symptoms and muscle spasms, reduce inflammation and heal wounds. Because their essential oils are diminished by heat, herbs are added toward the end of savory cooking time as a way of balancing flavor. It’s also a main ingredient in the traditional Chinese five-spice powder and is used to flavor coffee, liqueurs, mulled wine, and spiced tea. Don’t sprinkle spices and herbs … It can be used to help fight cancer, improve insulin function, improve cholesterol levels, prevent candida, treat dandruff, improve skin infections and support wound healing. Old Bay is mixture of herbs and spices developed in Maryland that lists celery salt, black pepper, paprika, and red pepper flakes in its ingredients. Thyme is a … Fresh summer savory features prominently in European cooking and goes well with beans, eggs, fish, fresh summer vegetables, game, lamb, pork, poultry, rice, salads, salad dressings, sauces, sausages, stuffing, and vinaigrettes. Cayenne can be used to support digestion, prevent blood clots, relieve migraine, nerve and joint pain, promote detoxification, improve allergy symptoms and support weight loss. Paperback. Summer savory, Satureja hortensis, is an annual in the Lamiaceae family native to northern Africa, southern Europe, and the Mediterranean that’s used for its peppery, earthy flavors of pine, mint, and thyme. The Complete Book of Herbs and Spices: An Illustrated Guide to Growing and Using Aromatic, Cosmetic, Culinary, and Medicinal Planets/#05575 [Garland, Sarah] on Amazon.com. Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum, is an annual in the Fabaceae (legume) family thought to originate in the Levant and is used for it sweet and nutty flavor with notes of maple syrup. Cilantro benefits include its ability to promote the detoxification of heavy metals, reduce anxiety, improve sleep, lower blood sugar levels, boost your heart health, support your digestion, promote skin health and fight free radical damage that can lead to a number of degenerative diseases. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Used extensively in French, Italian, and Mediterranean cuisines, thyme adds a delicate flavor to beans, eggs, fish, poultry, seafood, soups, stews, stock, stuffing, and vegetables. The compounds found in cinnamon and extracted to make cinnamon oil make this one of the most beneficial spices on earth. Let’s take a look at some of the more commonly available herbs and spices. Proper use of the right herbs and spices is important to the flavor of your meals. Thank you for making this and should look into doing it for other areas of the kitchen…..just a couple of suggestions nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and cheeses. Delicious Pairings: Mexican food like black bean … It’s known to work as a natural treatment for coughs because of its expectorant abilities. (59), Milk thistle is a weed that has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years. Fingerroot can also be beneficial in treating ulcers, working as a natural aphrodisiac and helping to heal wounds quickly. The earthy and sweetly spicy flavors of chili peppers, coriander, cumin, fenugreek, and turmeric were created for colonial Brits to try and replicate the rich, complex flavors of the Indian subcontinent back home. Which spices go well together? Lore Thought to deter lightning, witches, and the devil, bay leaves were also used in Ancient Greece and Rome for laurel crowns to mark wisdom and victory. C. verum is native to Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and is known as true cinnamon, with a delicate, sweetly spicy flavor and fragrance. When consumed even in small amounts, sage can improve your memory and concentration, fight free radicals, prevent degenerative diseases like dementia and Alzheimer’s, reduce inflammation, prevent or improve diabetes, boost your immune system, improve the health of your skin and strengthen your bones. It’s also used to flavor condiments, mulled drinks, pickling spices, and spiced teas blends. A-Z List of Herbs and Spices and Culinary Uses ️. The Ultimate Guide to Herbs and Spices in 7 Handy Charts. Don’t sprinkle spices and herbs directly from the bottle over a steaming pot. Marshmallow root can also be used to relieve dry coughs and colds, improve low saliva production, fight bacterial and respiratory infections, treat skin conditions and reduce joint pain that’s caused by inflammation. Look for the predominate ingredient in your dish and flavor with fresh herbs and spices accordingly. The leaves can be used fresh or dried for their strong, woodsy, and almost minty flavor. Mugwort is also helpful in treating in treating mild depression and attacking certain cancer cells. (9), Bay leaves come from the ancient tree Laurus nobilis, and it’s often used in cooking because of its distinctive savory flavor. Used fresh or dried, the needles have a strong herbal, piney flavor and a distinctive, astringent follow up. Is more commonly used to promote blood circulation, reduce gassiness and boost the immune system supports... 76 ), Yarrow is an annual, flowering herb in the cuisines of Thailand,,. Or Allium schoenoprasum, is a guide to herbs and spices information using. To reduce inflammation and ease menstrual cramps to your chicken pot pie or dumpling dish for a flavor! That evolved from the curry tree that grows in the ginger family odour resembles... 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