It is also known as Sangogo or Bondoukou alongua (in Cote d’Ivoire), Twi, Kon kroma or Ewe amake (in Ghana), Ewe Morinda. web interface by In the region of Kasongo in north-eastern DR Congo, young leaves of Morinda lucida are combined with leaves of a Philenoptera species (a source of indigo) to obtain a pale-green dye used in basket weaving. Thank you, once again, for your support; you are highly appreciated. The root and the stem are used as chewing sticks; they are yellow in colour and they taste bitter. English brimstone tree (Nigeria, Oliver). Morinda lucida Benth. 2 Likes 2 Shares; Re: Nigerian Herbs- Uses, Local Names And Pictures by gawab: 1:54pm On Jun 08, 2016; GOAT WEED Agerantum conyzoides Imi esu, Ewe apasa, Akwuko ewu, … The mention of the name alone gives me goose bumps because of its bitterness! Isotype of Morinda lucida A. Names. This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from PUNCH. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Morinda lucida is a potential source of highly medicinal honey and organic insecticide for crops, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The bole and branches are often crooked or gnarled Phenolics which are anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerosis, anti-carcinogenic, cardiovascular protection and improvement in endothelial function as well as inhibition of angiogenesis and cell proliferation activities, steroids used as anti-bacterial and anti-plasmodium. In a study reported in the Journal of Medicinal Plants, studies by Adeleye et al., titled ‘Traditional and medicinal uses of Morinda lucida’, it was revealed that the many benefits derived from Morinda lucida are owed to the high contents of vitamins A, K and E, alkaloids and other phytochemicals which are powerful antioxidant bioactive components like flavonoids which are effective as free radical scavengers, have anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-proliferative and anti-carcinogenic properties. with help from Copyright PUNCH. In this process, it is often combined with leafy twigs of Saba comorensis. The use of the root and twigs as chewing sticks may have served as a prophylactic recipe for regular users. It can be used without a mordant. Morinda lucida belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 4. I want to seize this opportunity to say a big thank you to you, my wonderful and esteemed readers for your support. Entry From. To prepare the cocktail entails collecting the leaves of Morinda lucida (brimstone tree, oruwo in Yoruba and eze-ogu in Igbo). Vitelaria paradoxa – emi-emi, emi-gidi. On November 24, 2019, this column made a debut. Noni is the Hawaiian name for the fruit of Morinda citrifolia Linn (Rubiaceae). Names of Morinda Officinalis in various languages of the world are also given. The database and code is licensed under a A. Olajide, S. O. Eighteen anthraquinones have been isolated from the wood and bark of the oruwo tree, including the red colorants 1-methylether-alizarin, rubiadin and derivatives, lucidin, soranjidiol, damnacanthal, nordamnacanthal, morindin, munjistin and purpuroxanthin. Ajna Fern Morinda citrifolia is a fruit-bearing tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae.Its native range extends across Southeast Asia and Australasia, and was spread across the Pacific by Polynesian sailors. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by 120 mixed sex adult C. maculatus were introduced, along with 30 g of cowpeas. Morinda lucida is an evergreen shrub or small to medium-sized tree bearing a dense crown of slender, crooked branches; it can grow from 2.4 - 18 metres tall, though specimens up to 25 metres are recorded in coastal Cote D'Ivoire. It is commonly called local cinchona and Eze ogwu in Igbo. The plant is also employed in cases of diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, leprosy and gonorrhoea. Brimstone tree, botanical name morinda lucida is a medium size tree with short crooked branches. These clothes, called ‘kobene’, are worn as mourning dresses by official people and by the family of the deceased. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. The purgative effect of a methanol extract of the leaves of Morinda lucida is reported. This week, we shall be discussing Morinda lucida. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. google_ad_slot = "5984819487"; google_ad_client = "ca-pub-5689805440782123"; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K) Collection. [family RUBIACEAE] ... TANZANIA Mwanza District Kome I., Chikuku Forest Reserve, no collector’s name 234 in F.H. Meaning translation and how to say what does yoruba called black seed in hausa igbo pidgin yoruba english nigerian … Morinda lucida Morinda lucida leaf powder applied at 2ton/ha gave the significantly highest increase in the growth and yield of celosia. The leaves bear 5-8 pairs of lateral nerves; the petiole is about 1.5 cm long. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. For red and yellow colours, the dye baths are prepared by boiling the root bark or leafy twigs in water for one or two hours before filtering and plunging the textiles into the coloured liquid and boiling it again until the desired shade is obtained. [family RUBIACEAE] Common names. It is clear that Oruwo is rich in virtually all the classes of beneficial phytochemicals: vitamins, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, steroids which can explain its anti-plasmodial, anti-parasitic, anti-viral, anti-carcinogenic, anti-proliferative and other health-beneficial uses. Local names of fruits seeds herbs spices. /* Punch_Sidebar_Articlepages300x250 */ Morinda lucida Benth. It is oruwo or erewo in Yoruba, eze-ogu or njisi in Igbo. The species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and widely naturalized. In Nigeria Morinda lucida is one of the 4 most used traditional medicines against fever. It is also added to indigo vats in Côte d’Ivoire, to contribute to the fermentation and reduction process necessary for dyeing with indigo and to get darker blues. Table 1: Ethnobotanical Studies of Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. The decoction of the leaves and bark of oruwo is the recipe for malaria. Morinda lucida was observed to lower blood sugar of one diabetic patient [5]. Morinda lucida, “Oruwo” (local name in Yoruba tribe), has been used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of symptomatic malaria by many people in South-West part of Nigeria. Oruwo is more than a chewing stick! The roots of the treated plants were significantly less galled than those of the control (P<0.05). : Horse radish tree, Moringa tree, “Never Die,” drumstick tree Morinda lucida (Benth), a member of Rubiaceaefamily, is a medicinal plant of about 15 m tall with a dense crown of slender crooked branches approximately 20–30 cm in diameter. It is native to west Africa but is exploited commercially mostly in The Americas and the Far East, with seed stock or cuttings obtained originally from Africa, then selectively bred over decades for desirable traits. Different parts of M. lucida have been reported to possess medicinal properties. Two anthraquinols; oruwal and oruwalol, have also been found; these give a yellow colour and possibly are intermediates in the formation of anthraquinones. It is medium-weight and hard; it works and finishes well and it is durable, being resistant to fungi, termites and other insects. Awe, J. M. Makinde. Miracle Fruit or Miracle Berry, is know in Yoruba as "Agbayun-kun". The bark is grey, rough and brittle; it bleeds a yellow juice when slashed. It should consist half of the whole concoction. The plant is also employed in cases of diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, leprosy and gonorrhoea. The root is the most important traditional source of yellow dye for textiles in the Kasai Province of Democratic Republic of Congo. Different parts of M. lucida have been reported to possess medicinal properties. Morinda citrifolia, commonly known as noni, is the fruit of a tree native to Southeast Asia, where it has been consumed for 2,000 years. The plant is powerfully astringent too. Although it is very bitter, yet the whole plants, leaves, stem bark and roots are known to have medicinal properties. google_ad_height = 250. In the mood of celebration, let us eat cake! Burkill, H.M. 1985. M. lucida commonly known by the Yoruba in southwestern part of Nigeria as “O ruwo ” is widely distributed in West Africa and is used in African folk medicine to treat several diseases [ 21 ]. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. It is used for construction, mining props, furniture, canoes, poles etc. The most important use of oruwo was in the treatment of malaria, diabetes, hypertension, cerebral congestion, dysentery, stomach-ache, ulcers, jaundice, leprosy and gonorrhoea for a long time. Source – CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants – Umberto Quattrocchi. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. In Nigeria, Morinda lucida is one of the four most used traditional medicines against fever. Though cake was not known in the Garden of Eden, let us eat a little as we celebrate this milestone. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Morinda (family Rubiaceae). Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. Decoctions and infusions or plasters of the root, bark and leaves are recognised remedies against different types of fever, including yellow fever, malaria, trypanosomiasis and feverish condition during childbirth. Scented mahogany (Entandrophragma utile) – ijebu, igedu . KEYWORDS:Morinda lucida, phytochemicals, anthraquinones, steroid, alkaloid, tannins. According to another study reported in the Journal of Bacteriology and Parasitology by Momoh Johnson Oshiobugie et al., titled ‘GC-MS, AAS, antioxidant and antiplasmodial activities of methanolic leaf extract of Morinda lucida (Ewe Oruwo) in male swiss mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK65’, the conclusion is that  Morinda lucida possess antiplasmodial activity. All rights reserved. Yes, you heard me right. In Côte d’Ivoire a bark or leaf decoction is applied against jaundice and in DR Congo it is combined with a dressing of powdered root bark against itch and ringworm. & Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve, Kasakela, 18 Nov. 1962, Verdcourt 3365A (fallen inflorescence only)!UGANDA … O. [family RUBIACEAE] Herbarium. Brimstone tree, botanical name morinda lucida is a medium size tree with short crooked branches. Gray [family RUBIACEAE] Filed as Morinda lucida Benth. Among the Yoruba herbalists (South-West Nigeria), fresh leaves of the plant are often macerated in palm-wine and its bitter decoction is used in the oral treatment of suspected diabetic patients usually for a few days [6]. 10 Citations (Scopus) Overview ; Fingerprint; Abstract. It is in the family Rubiaceae. It is an important plant in traditional medicine in West Africa and various trials have confirmed the effectiveness of several of its uses. Pregnant and non-pregnant mice were pretreated with oral stilboesterol (0.1 mg/kg body weight) and killed by cervical dislocation. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Morinda Officinalis. Ken Fern, Richard Morris. A bark or leaf decoction is used in the treatment of jaundice and combined with a dressing of powdered root bark as a treatment against itch and ringworm. Reference Sources . Fever: boil fresh bark in water. name is derived from the Latin words morus "mulberry", from the appearance of the fruits, and indica, meaning "of India" [8]. List of antimalarial plants in Nigeria, igbo, Hausa and Yoruba herbs for malaria..Nigerian herbs for the treatment of malaria. The root bark is used to dye textiles into scarlet red. Leaf extracts have shown in vitro antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum while in several other tests, anti-diabetic properties have been confirmed. Among the Togolese, the plant is popularly known as Ewe amake or Atak ake while among the Bologna sausage tree, common sausage tree, cucumber tree (Kigelia africana) – pandoro – Unripe fruits poisonous. How time flies! In Cote d’Ivoire, it is locally called Sangogo or Bondoukou alongua while in Ghana, it is known as Twi, Kòn kròmà or Ewe amake. How Morinda Officinalis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Jun 21, 2019 - Explore Anessa Guess's board "Yoruba language" on Pinterest. (Rubiaceae) is a tropical West Africa rainforest tree also called Brimstone tree. However, there were no significant differences in leaf area, wet leaf weight, wet shoot weight and dry shoot weight of Celosia argentea. The … Jungle grape vine (Ampelocissus latifolia) – abeekanna manun – Used in Ayurveda. It is commonly called Brimstone tree. Purgative effect of the methanol extract of Morinda lucida. Search by expertise, name or affiliation. Morinda lucida Benth. Morinda lucida Benth (oruwo in Yoruba) is a medium-sized tree which can reach a height of 18 metres in the regrowth forest ecosystem of Nigeria. List of various diseases cured by Morinda Officinalis. Morinda lucida, “Oruwo” (local name in Yoruba tribe), has been used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of symptomatic malaria by many people in South-West part of Nigeria. Morinda lucida Benth. google_ad_width = 300; Resource Type. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Insecticidal activity of essential oil extracted from Morinda lucida was tested on pulse beetle Callosobruchus maculatus , which is a pest that causes serious damage to several pulses. Take one glasscup morning and evening. Brimstone tree, botanical name morinda lucida is a medium size tree with short crooked branches. Morinda lucida Benth. The leaves are broadly elliptic to broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, broadly cuneate or occasionally rounded at the base. The inflorescence is a cluster of white flowers into heads on peduncles which are united in threes positioned opposite to single leaves at alternate nodes (see the picture). 1 INTRODUCTION Morinda lucida Benth., belonging to the family Rubiaceae is a tropical rainforest tree with the English name “Brimstone tree”. 406 1849. Although it is very bitter, yet the whole plants, leaves, stem … The wood yields yellow to red dyes. Morinda lucida Benth (oruwo in Yoruba) is a medium-sized tree which can reach a height of 18 metres in the regrowth forest ecosystem of Nigeria. Morinda lucida Oruwo, Eze-ogu Medicinal uses Diabetes: squeeze fresh leaves and bitter leaves in water. 48: Moringa oleifera Lam. The insecticidal activity was compared with two pesticides, Phostoxin and Primo-ban-20. Inhibiting effects on cancer tumours have also been reported. On occasions of national grief or the death of a chief, the Ashanti people of Ghana dye cotton cloths red with the root bark. Thank you for trusting this English language graduate who has a passion for Botany with your medical questions too, even when you know that the discussions here are basically on plants. It is also used for fuel and excellent for making charcoal. One of the studies was published in the journal Tanzania Health Research Bulletin.Morinda lucida belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. Alkaloids, the most essential of the phytochemicals, are used as anti-parasitic agents. It is commonly called Brimstone tree. Morinda is a genus of flowering plants in the madder family, Rubiaceae. 2680!TANZANIA Buha District Kibondo, E. of Kifura, Feb. 1955, Procter 408! The generic name is derived from the Latin words morus " mulberry ", from the appearance of the fruits, and indica, meaning "of India ". It is in the family Rubiaceae. The Yoruba name for coriander is Ebolo, which you have listed. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 129862) with original publication details: Niger Fl. We shall return to our fruit and vegetable diet after the celebration! Writing the articles has been really mentally-tasking, but your words of encouragement through calls and texts have been my strength. The wood is yellow (hence the name brimstone tree), darkening to yellow-brown in the sapwood and to dark brown in the heartwood. Take one glasscup three times daily. In addition to anthraquinones, tannins, flavonoids and saponosides have been isolated. Extracts of the plant have shown anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-bacterial, anti-malarial, anti-hepatotoxic and hepato-protective (removes liver pollution and protects liver and gallbladder), vermicidal (kills intestinal worms) antipyretic (reduces fever), anti-thrombotic (prevents blood clot) antioxidant (fights free radicals) and cardio-protective (protects heart muscles) properties! The present work investigated the effect of Morinda lucida (M. lucida) extract on isolated uterine smooth muscle of pregnant and non-pregnant mice. For red colours, the fibres to be dyed must first be mordanted with tannin-containing plants and alum. For dyeing, the root bark or leaves are used fresh, pounded or chopped. Brimstone tree (Morinda lucida) – apawoparun, iwo, oruwo funfun, owuru. Women with oily faces should be happy about this astringent quality; we have found ourselves something to make our skin less oily! Oruwo leaf known in Igbo as Brimstone tree in English language, Eze-ogu in igbo language and Morinda Lucida botanically has been used (still being used) in the treatment of malaria and typhoid for centuries (and can be scientifically explained and proven). The leaves are used for cleaning and scouring items such as calabashes. use of the water infusion of the stem bark of Morinda lucida (family: Rubiaceae) in the local management of diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia by the Yoruba herbal practitioners (Southwest Nigeria). Among the Yoruba herbalists (South-West Nigeria), fresh leaves of the plant is often macerated in palm wine and its bitter decoction is used in the oral treatment of malaria patients usually for a few days (Odutuga et al ., 2010). Morinda lucida Benth. The bitter-tasting roots are popular in Nigeria as chewing sticks. 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Last update on 2019-06-13: now containing 11906 plants pandoro – Unripe fruits poisonous of species... Kew ( K ) Collection, which you have listed saponosides have been reported Effects, Nutrients in Morinda.... ( P < 0.05 ) chewing sticks may have served as a recipe! Broadly cuneate or occasionally rounded at the base species in the Kasai Province of Democratic Republic Congo. This milestone alkaloid, tannins is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License jungle grape vine Ampelocissus.